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VETgirl Veterinary Continuing Education Podcasts

Hepatic abscessation in dogs: A multicenter study of 56 cases | VETgirl Veterinary Continuing Education Podcasts

Mon May 27 2024
hepatic abscessesdiagnosistreatmentprognosis

Description

This episode discusses hepatic abscesses in dogs, including their diagnosis, treatment options, and prognostic indicators. Dr. Jasper Burke shares insights from her multi-center study on hepatic abscessation, highlighting the importance of ultrasound in diagnosis and the role of medical and surgical management. The episode concludes with a discussion on prognostic indicators and overall prognosis for dogs with hepatic abscesses.

Insights

Ultrasound is a valuable tool for diagnosing hepatic abscesses

Ultrasound was able to detect abscesses ranging from 0.5 to 15 centimeters in diameter in 37 out of 48 dogs.

Medical management can be an option for some cases

Eight out of 49 dogs were medically managed, with a survival rate of 62.5%.

Multifocal abscessation is associated with a poorer prognosis

Dogs with multifocal abscessation had a lower survival rate compared to those with solitary abscesses.

Chapters

  1. Introduction
  2. Hepatic Abscesses in Dogs
  3. Prognostic Indicators and Treatment
Summary
Transcript

Introduction

00:28 - 01:12

  • Dr. Jasper Burke, a fellow criticalist, joins the podcast to discuss all things liver
  • Dr. Burke shares her background and training in veterinary medicine

Hepatic Abscesses in Dogs

02:02 - 15:37

  • Dr. Burke conducted a multi-center study on hepatic abscessation in dogs
  • The study aimed to gather more data on this uncommon disease and identify prognostic indicators
  • Most dogs presented with non-specific symptoms such as lethargy and vomiting
  • Ultrasound was the most common diagnostic tool used to detect abscesses
  • E. coli was the most common cultured organism in the abscesses
  • Medical management was an option for some cases, with a survival rate of 62.5%
  • Surgical management had a higher survival rate of 85%

Prognostic Indicators and Treatment

17:46 - 20:50

  • Hypoglycemia and multifocal abscessation were found to be poor prognostic indicators
  • Further studies with larger case loads are needed to confirm these findings
  • Overall prognosis for hepatic abscesses in dogs is good, with an 80% survival rate
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